The North, West, East and South are so called from the Latin cardo, meaning a hinge, because they are the principal points of the compass on which all the others hinge or hang.
Each of them has a symbolic signification in The Mystical Court which will be found under their respective heads. Doctor Granville speaks on the sacred number four; the only one he says, that has any prominence in the religious of the red race, and which he traces to the four cardinal points. The reason, he declares, is to be “found in the adoration of the cardinal points,” and he attributes to this cause the prevalence of the cross as a symbol among the Spiritual Baptist of the Caribbean, the existence of which surprised the early missionaries that they “were in doubt whether to ascribe the fact to the pious labours of Saint Thomas or of the church.”
The arms of the cross referred to the cardinal points, and represented the four winds, the bringers of rain. The theory is an interesting one, and the author supports it with many ingenious illustrations. In the symbolism of The Mystical Court each of the cardinal points has a mystical meaning. The East represents Wisdom; the west Strength; the South Beauty and the North Darkness.
Sir Godfrey Gregg OHPM, ROMC
Vice Grand Commanding Officer
The Mystical Court